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pm Object API

Global Variables and Methods

pm

pm: Object;

pm objects include information related to running API or test collections. You can use it in your request and response data. You can get or set on environment and global variables.

pm.info:Object

pm objects include information related to running API or test collections.

  • pm.info.eventName:String: the type of scripts that is currently running (preprocessor script or postprocessor script).
  • pm.info.iteration:Number: the number of the current iteration(only valid in test collections).
  • pm.info.iterationCount:Number: the number of total iterations (only valid in test collections).
  • pm.info.requestName:String: the name of the current API running.
  • pm.info.requestId:String: the ID of the current API running.

pm.sendRequest

pm.sendRequest:Function

pm.sendRequest is used to send HTTP/HTTPS requests asynchronously in scripts.

  • This method accepts a request parameter compatible with collection SDK- and a callback function parameter. The callback has 2 arguments. The first is an error and the second is a response compatible with the collection SDK. View more information in the Collection SDK documentation.
  • You can use it in both preprocessor and postprocessor scripts.
// GET example
pm.sendRequest("https://postman-echo.com/get", function(err, res) {
if (err) {
console.log(err);
} else {
pm.environment.set("variable_key", "new_value");
}
});

// Request Parameters Example
const echoPostRequest = {
url: "https://postman-echo.com/post",
method: "POST",
header: {
headername1: "value1",
headername2: "value2",
},
// body: x-www-form-urlencoded
body: {
mode: "urlencoded",
urlencoded: [
{ key: "account", value: "apidog" },
{ key: "password", value: "123456" },
],
},
/*
// body: form-data
body: {
mode: 'formdata',
formdata: [
{ key: 'account', value: 'apidog' },
{ key: 'password', value: '123456' }
]
}

// body: json
header: {
"Content-Type": "application/json", // Add Content-Type in the header
},
body: {
mode: 'raw',
raw: JSON.stringify({ account: 'apidog', password:'123456' }), // serialized the JSON string
}

// body: raw or JSON
body: {
mode: 'raw',
raw: 'body contents',
}
*/
};
pm.sendRequest(echoPostRequest, function(err, res) {
console.log(err ? err : res.json());
});

// Assert on the return result
pm.sendRequest("https://postman-echo.com/get", function(err, res) {
if (err) {
console.log(err);
}
pm.test("response should be okay to process", function() {
pm.expect(err).to.equal(null);
pm.expect(res).to.have.property("code", 200);
pm.expect(res).to.have.property("status", "OK");
});
});

For more references, please visit:

pm.variables

pm.variables: view Variable SDK documentation here.

Temporary Variable

The priority of different variables is as follows: local variables < environment variables < global variables.

  • pm.variables.has(variableName:String):function → Boolean: Check whether a temporary variable exists.
  • pm.variables.get(variableName:String):function → *: get a temporary variable.
  • pm.variables.set(variableName:String, variableValue:String):function → void: set a temporary variable.
  • pm.variables.replaceIn(variableName:String):function: replace dynamic variables in a string with their actual values, for example, {{variable_name}}.
  • pm.variables.toObject():function → Object: get all local variables as objects.

pm.iterationData

pm.iterationData:

Test Data Variables

We currently do not support setting test data variables directly in scripts, since test data is managed separately. However, you can access the variables in scripts as shown below:

  • pm.iterationData.has(variableName:String):function → Boolean: Check whether a test variable exists.
  • pm.iterationData.get(variableName:String):function → *: get a test variable.
  • pm.iterationData.replaceIn(variableName:String):function: replace dynamic variables in a string with their actual values, for example, {{variable_name}}.
  • pm.iterationData.toObject():function → Object: get all local variables as objects.

pm.environment

  • pm.environment.name:String: the environment name.
  • pm.environment.has(variableName:String):function → Boolean:Check whether an environment variable exists.
  • pm.environment.get(variableName:String):function → *: get an environment variable.
  • pm.environment.set(variableName:String, variableValue:String):function:set an environment variable.
  • pm.environment.replaceIn(variableName:String):function: replace dynamic variables in a string with their actual values, for example, {{variable_name}}.
  • pm.environment.toObject():function → Object: get all local variables as objects.
  • pm.environment.unset(variableName:String):function: unset an environment variable.
  • pm.environment.clear():function: clear all environment variables under the current environment.

Please be aware that the operations mentioned above only read and write current values; they do not read or write remote values.

pm.globals

  • pm.globals.has(variableName:String):function → Boolean: Check whether a global variable exists.
  • pm.globals.get(variableName:String):function → *: get a global variable.
  • pm.globals.set(variableName:String, variableValue:String):function: set a global variable.
  • pm.globals.replaceIn(variableName:String):function: replace dynamic variables in a string with their actual values, for example, {{variable_name}}.

    In order to get the value of a request parameter that contains a variable in preprocessor scripts, use pm.globals.replaceIn to replace the variable with the real value.

  • pm.globals.toObject():function → Object: get all local variables as objects.
  • pm.globals.unset(variableName:String):function: set a global variable.
  • pm.globals.clear():function: clear all global variables under the current environment.

Please be aware that the operations mentioned above only read and write current values; they do not read or write remote values.

pm.request

pm.request: view Request SDK documentation here.

request is the API request object. In the preprocessor script, it is the request that will be sent. In the postprocessor script, it is the request that has already been sent.

request includes the following information:

  • pm.request.url:Url: the URL of the current request.
  • pm.request.getBaseUrl(): Retrieves the selected Preprocessor URL for the current runtime environment. This feature is supported after version 2.1.39.
  • pm.request.headers:HeaderList: the header list of the current request.
    • pm.request.method:String: the method of the current request, such as GET, POST, etc.
  • pm.request.body: RequestBody: the body of the current request.
  • pm.request.headers.add({ key: headerName:String, value: headerValue:String}):function: Add a header with a key, headerName, in the current request.
  • pm.request.headers.remove(headerName:String):function: Delete a header with a key, headerName, in the current request.
  • pm.request.headers.upsert({ key: headerName:String, value: headerValue:String}):function: Upsert a header with a key, headerName, in the current request. If the key already exists, it will be modified.

The following API can only be used inpostprocessor scripts.

pm.response

pm.response: view Response SDK documentation here.

Use pm.response to access return response information in postprocessor scripts.

pm.response includes the following information:

  • pm.response.code:Number
  • pm.response.status:String
  • pm.response.headers:HeaderList
  • pm.response.responseTime:Number
  • pm.response.responseSize:Number
  • pm.response.text():Function → String
  • pm.response.json():Function → Object

pm.cookies

pm.cookies: view CookieList SDK documentation here.

Cookies is the list of cookies under the domain name of the current request.

  • pm.cookies.has(cookieName:String):Function → Boolean Check whether the cookie value of a cookieName exists.
  • pm.cookies.get(cookieName:String):Function → String Get cookie value from cookieName.
  • pm.cookies.toObject:Function → Object Get all cookies under the current domain as an object.
  • pm.cookies.jar().clear(pm.request.url) Clear all cookies.
Please be aware that

pm.cookies is the cookie returned after the API request, not the cookie sent by the API request.

pm.test

pm.test(testName:String, specFunction:Function):Function

This function is used to assert whether a result meets expectations.

The example below can be used to determine whether a response is correct.

pm.test("response should be okay to process", function() {
pm.response.to.not.be.error;
pm.response.to.have.jsonBody("");
pm.response.to.not.have.jsonBody("error");
});

You can run an async test using done(an optional parameter) in a callback function.

pm.test("async test", function(done) {
setTimeout(() => {
pm.expect(pm.response.code).to.equal(200);
done();
}, 1500);
});
  • pm.test.index():Function → Number Get the total number tests from a specific location.

pm.expect

pm.expect(assertion:*):FunctionAssertion

pm.expect is an assertion method. View ChaiJS expects BDD library documentation here.

This method is designed to assert data in response or variables. For more pm.expect examples, please visit Assertion library examples.

The Assertion API List for a Response Object

  • pm.response.to.have.status(code:Number)
  • pm.response.to.have.status(reason:String)
  • pm.response.to.have.header(key:String)
  • pm.response.to.have.header(key:String, optionalValue:String)
  • pm.response.to.have.body()
  • pm.response.to.have.body(optionalValue:String)
  • pm.response.to.have.body(optionalValue:RegExp)
  • pm.response.to.have.jsonBody()
  • pm.response.to.have.jsonBody(optionalExpectEqual:Object)
  • pm.response.to.have.jsonBody(optionalExpectPath:String)
  • pm.response.to.have.jsonBody(optionalExpectPath:String, optionalValue:*)
  • pm.response.to.have.jsonSchema(schema:Object)
  • pm.response.to.have.jsonSchema(schema:Object, ajvOptions:Object)

pm.response.to.be.*

You can use the built-inpm.response.to.befor quick assertions.

  • pm.response.to.be.info Check whether the status code is 1XX.
  • pm.response.to.be.success Check whether the status code is 2XX.
  • pm.response.to.be.redirection Check whether the status code is 3XX.
  • pm.response.to.be.clientError Check whether the status code is 4XX.
  • pm.response.to.be.serverError Check whether the status code is 5XX.
  • pm.response.to.be.error Check whether the status code is 4XX or 5XX.
  • pm.response.to.be.ok Check whether the status code is 200.
  • pm.response.to.be.accepted Check whether the status code is 202.
  • pm.response.to.be.badRequest Check whether the status code is 400.
  • pm.response.to.be.unauthorized Check whether the status code is 401.
  • pm.response.to.be.forbidden Check whether the status code is 403.
  • pm.response.to.be.notFound Check whether the status code is 404.
  • pm.response.to.be.rateLimited Check whether the status code is 429.